Discours direct

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Discours direct

مُساهمة  نازك الملائكة في الثلاثاء مارس 06, 2012 12:09 pm

Discours direct

Bob said, 'I'm going to see my mother tomorrow.'

( Bob a dit: 'J'irai voir ma mère demain')
Discours indirect

Bob said (that) he was going to see his mother the next day.

(Bob a dit qu'il irait voir sa mère le lendemain)

On utilise le style indirect pour rapporter les paroles de quelqu'un sans faire de citation.
Les guillemets disparaissent.
En français la subordonnée est introduite par que (obligatoire) en anglais elle est introduite par that (facultatif).

Pour rapporter les paroles de quelqu'un on peut utiliser d'autres verbes que 'say'.
Bob announced that ... Bob declared that... Bob added that... Bob told me that...
remarque: Bob said that... Bob said to me that...(moins commun) Bob told me that...
Discours direct => discours indirect : modifications à apporter


Changer les pronoms personnels, les pronoms et adjectifs possessifs concernant la personne qui parle
Bob said, 'I'm going to see my mother.' => Bob said (that) he was going to see his mother.
'You have bought yourself a lovely dress.' => He told her (that) she had bought herself a lovely dress.


Modifier les adverbes de temps et de lieu, les pronoms ou adjectifs démonstratifs
'I'm going to see my mother tomorrow.' => Bob said (that) he was going to see his mother the next day.
Mark: 'I went to London last week.' => He added (that) he had gone to London the week before.
Sue: 'I must leave now!' => She told me (that) she had to leave then.
Peter: 'I don't like this house.' => Peter said (that) he didn't like that house.
Peter: 'I can't live here.' => Peter told us (that) he couldn't live there.
discours direct discours indirect
now => then
tonight => that night
yesterday => the day before / the previous day
tomorrow => the next day / the following day
last (year, month...) => the last / previous (year, month...)
next (month, week...) => the next / following (month, week...)

this => that
that => that
these => these
those => those
here => there
there => there


Changer les temps des verbes
Quand le verbe qui introduit le discours indirect est au passé il y a en général changement de temps.
Bob said, 'I'm going to see my mother.' => Bob said (that) he was going to see his mother.

Ecoutez Jennifer

.................................

Discours direct => Discours indirect
La concordance des temps se fait comme en français: Elle a dit: 'il est malade => Elle a dit qu'il était malade
futur 'I will always love you.' => conditionnel He said he would always love me.
present simple .'He is ill.' => past simple She said he was ill.
present continuous 'I'm leaving today.' => past continuous He said he was leaving that day.
present perfect 'You have bought a dress.' => past perfect He said she had bought a dress.
present perf. cont. 'I've been working all day.' => past perf. cont. He said he had been working all day.
past simple 'I went to London.' => past perfect He said he had gone to London.
past continuous 'My friends were playing chess.' => past perfect cont. He said his friends had been playing chess.
past perfect 'I had lost my bag' . . pas de changement
Les modaux: could, should, would, might, ought to ne changent pas
can => could 'She can cook delicious meals.' He said she could cook delicious meals.
may => might 'It may not rain this night.' He said it might not rain that night.
must => had to 'I must leave now.' She said she had to leave then.




Intermédiaire
Exercice d'anglais 'Discours direct et indirect' créé par lili73 avec Le générateur de tests - créez votre propre test!
Voir les statistiques de réussite de ce test d'anglais [Sauvegarder] [Charger] [?]


1.
Compléter en faisant les changements de pronoms ou adjectifs nécessaires
Add the correct pronouns/possessive adjectives
direct speech indirect speech
Sarah: 'I'm going to the cinema with my boyfriend Sarah said that was going to the cinema with boyfriend.
The neighbours: 'Can you lend us a ladder?' They asked us if could lend a ladder.
Tom: ' parents went with to Scotland.' Tom told me that his parents had gone with him to Scotland.'
Jim and Jill:' are looking at in the mirror.' They replied that they were looking at themselves in the mirror.'

2.
Compléter en modifiant les adverbes de lieu, temps ou adjectifs démonstratifs
Add the correct adverbs, tenses, demonstrative adjectives
discours direct discours indirect
Our friends: 'We have never been here before.' Our friends told us that they had never been before.
Bill: 'I had a frightening dream tonight.' Bill said that he had had a frightening dream .
Lara: 'I went to the swimming pool .' Lara said that she had gone to the swimming pool the day before.
John: 'I'll have finished work by .' John told me that he would have finished that work by the next day.

3.
Compléter en écrivant les verbes aux temps qui conviennent
Add the correct verbs
She said, 'I have a terrible toothache today.' She said she a terrible toothache that day.
My sister promised, 'I will come with you.' My sister promised she come with me.
He told me, 'I was reading a book when the explosion occurred.' He told me that he a book when the explosion .
Anna said, 'You come and stay with me. Anna said that I could come and stay with her.
Brian told me, ' I tennis for ten years.' He told me that he had been playing tennis for ten years.






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نازك الملائكة
مشرف مادة اللغة العربية وآدابها
مشرف مادة اللغة العربية وآدابها

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تاريخ التسجيل : 18/02/2012
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